PHP Mail Fail on Windows IIS Server

Over the years I’ve transferred a number (too many) PHP websites to Windows servers running PHP (or have had to install PHP apps on a windows server, etc.). One of the biggest problems I always run into when using PHP on a Windows IIS Server is that the PHP Mail Function doesn’t work.

The solution is to change from using the PHP Mail Function to using Authenticated SMTP delivery. In essence, you’ll set up your web app to act like Outlook or Thunderbird to connect to an emailbox directly. This app obviously won’t download any emails; just send them.

You can search for “PHP SMTP email” to get some good solutions to how to handle this with a Pear script.

If you’re using WordPress, though there’s a very simple WordPress Plugin called WP-Mail-SMTP that does all the hard work for you. All you need to do is enter your server information and select your settings.

I just used it, and it took 5 minutes to setup and test.

mssql_connect(): unable to connect to server:

I have a PHP script that I run locally (on my Windows XP Machine) that accesses a MSSQL server using the mssql_connect() function. I used xampp to get PHP on my machine.

Today I finished getting this to work on my second computer. The first time I did this, I also ran into a million problem – but didn’t note any of them. So here I am rectifying my previous mistakes in the hope of not having to search for the same solution next time.

The error I was getting was:

mssql_connect(): unable to connect to server: ‘’

(Domain changed for security purposes.)

I handled it by replacing ntwdblib.dll with this in these two folders:


-Ashton Sanders
(Note: was the final website that helped me handle my problem.)

Simple PHP Blog

I have already done a lot of ranting and raving about Blogger and WordPress.

Although I consider these two to be the leaders of the blogging pack (by a large margin), I did run across a blog using Simple PHP Blog, and was impressed. It doesn’t have all the crazy features like the other two, but it does have a feature which really attracted my attention. On the bottom of every post there are five dots, and you can rate the post 1 to 5. This way, people can interact with your posts and website without actually having to write a comment.

Don’t get me wrong, the comment function is still intact, but the percent of comments compared to visitors is tiny, while the percent of “ratings” to visitors is much higher.

Another note: Simple PHP Blog isn’t database driven. You can run it on a server without needing a database!

If anyone ends up using this system, please let me know how it goes.
-Ashton Sanders

PHP – Finding the Width or Height of an Image

Knowing the width, height, Image type or attributes of an image can be extremely useful.

I’ve used this once to make a line of images all line up on the bottom. I found out the height of the image and then added a margin to the top of the image to make the bottom of the image always be 300 px from the to. So if the height of the image was 140, I would make the margin on top of the image = 300-140.

Here’s the code to find the height or width of an Image:


list($width, $height, $type, $attr) = getimagesize(“image_name.jpg”);

echo “Image width ” .$width;
echo ”
echo “Image height ” .$height;
echo ”
echo “Image type ” .$type;
echo ”
echo “Attribute ” .$attr;


Ashton Sanders

Blogger vs WordPress – Remote Site

When I first started this blog, I did a little bit of research about blogs, and chose Blogger. Now that I’ve been using Blogger for almost a year, I’ve started another blog, about Mordheim, with WordPress, and here are my thoughts:



Blogger is very simple and user-friendly. There is a reason they are the most popular: it’s extremely easy to set up a blog and write posts. They also have a lot of functionality.



WordPress is a little more complicated, and it seems like you can do more with the additional complication. They also have a very user-friendly interface and simple layout. WordPress has a larger base of fans who have created many blog layouts that are free to download. Because of this, WordPress’s Free Layouts are much nicer, stylish, better.


Remote Blog

Unfortunately, if you want to put your website on a remote server (any other website besides “*”), you lose almost all of your functionality. You don’t even get a Category Roll. The Categories listed on the right side of this blog is done manually. (The post count is also done manually).


Remote Blog

Fortunately, supplies you with a free download of WordPress, and easy installation instructions. In 5 minutes, you have a new, stylish and functional blog hosted on your PHP website. They have a lot of functionality, and each free blog layout has different amount of functionality. You could probably spend the rest of your life trying out different blog layouts. If you are a PHP programmer, it is very easy to sink into the code and make lots of changes to the functionality. From making the categories display alphabetically, by ID, etc.

I would definitely recommend WordPress over Blogger for advanced users who are looking to host their blog on their website.

Blogging For Life,
-Ashton Sanders

Content Management System for Websites

From my years of working on the internet, I have come to realize that the one thing that almost all of my clients desire, is the ability to manage their own website. This way, they never have to wait on their web guy to change a phone number on their website. If they have a new product, they have the ability to add it to their own website.

Because of this huge demand for a CMS for websites, we have developed one that I call “Database in a Flash.” This Content Management System is a very user-friendly program that uses MySQL and PHP. It allows anyone who knows a little bit about the internet to communicate with their MySQL database to update their website.

It really is an amazing program. For more information, feel free to contact us.

-Let me know if you have any questions,
-Ashton Sanders

.htaccess – PHP on HTML/HTM Pages

I went into more detail about what the different processes are of adding php to a website programmed with *.html pages in this earlier htaccess post.

Here are a few more .htaccess lines that will enable php on your server. (Different servers require a different line of code.)

AddType application/x-httpd-php .html .htm

AddType x-mapp-php5 .html .htm

AddHandler application/x-php .html .htm

AddHandler x-httpd-php5 .html .htm

AddHandler x-httpd-php .html .htm

Check out my other .htaccess posts.

-Ashton Sanders

.htaccess – AddHandler

There is a very common problem when trying to upgrade sites made by “newbie” website developers or when you realize that html isn’t the only language on the internet, and you need to upgrade your site.


You have a site where every page has a *.html or *.htm extension, and you want to add a dynamic, server-side programming language like PHP.

Solution #1:

Go through your entire site, and change every file name to a *.php extension. Then go through every page and correct all of the hyper links. Then do testing on your entire site to ensure that you haven’t missed any links. Also, if you know anything about search engine optimization and websites, you’ll know you need to create 301 redirects from your old pages to your new so that you don’t lose any Rankings you may have gained. Then you have more testing to do to make sure all of your 301 redirects work….

Solution #2

Add this one line of Code into your .htaccess:

AddHandler x-httpd-php5 .php .htm .html

That’s all it takes to add PHP to my html files?

Yep, that’s it. That little line of code has saved me hundreds of hours of work, and I’m sure it’s not as commonly known as it should be.

-Spread the Wealth
-Ashton Sanders

PHP – Include the Same File from Different Folders

This is a PHP tutorial to add advanced include templates to your site.

What you need to know

  • Basic PHP functions: include(); and the “for” loop.

Background PHP Information

It is a very useful thing to use a template on your site. Once I have finished designing a site, and converted it into XHTML/CSS, I then make two (or more) includes out of it: “header.php” and “footer.php”. Those two includes have everything that is the same on every page of the site. This allows me to easily add or remove a button, change the layout, etc. All I have to do is change one file, and the entire site is updated!

What’s the Problem?

If you know includes, you know that they must be relative paths, not absolute. (So if your page is in the pages folder (/pages/) and your header.php is in the header folder (/header/), you will need to write your include like this:


The problem arises when you don’t want to hard code every new page, in every new folder.

PHP Solution

Here is a simple for loop that will figure out what folder you are in, and put the appropriate number of “../”s to make your includes work:

$folder = split(“/”, $_SERVER[‘PHP_SELF’]);
$rootpath = “”;
for($count = count($folder); $count > 2; $count–){
$rootpath .= “../”;
include($rootpath . “include/header.php”);

There you have it, some sweet, yet simple PHP.

-Ashton Sanders

PHP 301 Redirect: Moved Permanently

Through years of programming websites and Internet database software, etc. I’ve decided to work mostly with PHP. PHP is a server-side scripting language that helps to create interactive websites. It is very useful for creating dynamic pages. (Pages that have one format but fill in different information depending on what information it is given.) This is common in any online store. Every product has the exact same layout, but it has different pictures, and words.

A great thing about PHP is it’s free. It’s largest server-side scripting language competitor, Microsoft’s ASP, isn’t. The PHP syntax is widely used and is very similar to C and Perl.

If I ever have a question about PHP or need information, I always go to It’s also a great place for beginner programmers to get their foot in the door.

Here is how to us PHP code to make 301 Redirects:

301 Redirect: Moved Permanently
This code is for page redirecting. If you ever change a page name on your website, or take it down, you need to redirect that link to another page. This is because if you’ve had that page up for any period of time, the search engines like or still think that it’s there. Or another site may be linking to it. This will save visitors from getting lost and never seeing your site when they cliked on your link.

Here is the PHP code:

header(“HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently”);

301 Redirect to “www.”
This code I programmed because I wanted to make sure that whenever someone comes to my site, they come to the “” (NOT: ““) So now whenever someone types in my website name without the “www.” It will automatically redirect.

“Who Cares if there is a ‘www.’ in front of your website or not?
The biggest reason for this is so that search engines don’t index two version of the same page. For example, if a Search Engine’s bot find a link to my sight that doesn’t have the “www.” It will index the entire site without it. And if that happens, I’ll have two exact duplicates of my website.

“Wouldn’t that be a good thing?”
No. Search Engines will ding you if you have duplicate content. They see it as an attempt to cheat the system. I knew a man who changed the hosting and domain name for his website. But he didn’t take down his old site. After a couple months, his old site which had had 3-4 Google Page Rank, now had 0 (zero). He realized this and took down his old site, and after half a year, he was back to normal.

Here is the PHP code:

if($_SERVER[‘HTTP_HOST’] != “”)
header(“HTTP/1.1 301 Moved Permanently”);
header(“location:” . $_SERVER[‘REQUEST_URI’]);

And there’s my two cents on 301 Redirecting with PHP.

-Ashton Sanders